Chur is reportedly the oldest town of Switzerland with a history of Inhabitance from 3000 BC. Chur is one the best-preserved towns in the world. The 5000 old history is well persevered in the surroundings of beautiful Alps and valleys of Switzerland. Chur is pronounced as “Core”, not Chore or Choir. It is pronounced Coire in French language. Chur is located near to the beautiful towns of Davos and Klosters.
The town has many historical buildings and boasts of being car free. The complete city is not car free. The city has spread; the old town is still car free, but the new areas of the city do have cars and buses. The beautiful city is equally attractive for photographers, history lovers, hikers and shopaholics. The city is full of activities, festivals, restaurants, bars, museums and shops.
History of Chur Switzerland
Archaeologists have found many evidences that prove Chur to be the oldest town in Switzerland dating back to 3500BC. Some objects of Bronze and Iron age have also been found. This area was conquered by Romans in around 15BC. Later, Chur became the seat of the first Christian bishopric in the 4th century. The city of Chur was invaded many times; it was invaded by Ostrogoths, Franks, Magyars and the Saracens. Chur started to flourish when its routes got famous which connected many Alpine regions. During the Ottonian dynasty in 952 AD, emperor Otto I granted Chur the rights to collect tolls.
The city was surrounded by walls in the 13th century. The town and much of the its monasteries and churches were destroyed by fires in the 14th century. The league of the house of God “Gotteshausbund” was formed in Chur in 1367. The league resisted the power of bishopric of Chur who had complete control over the roads and the tolls. Later, the citizens of Chur sent delegation to Emperor Frederick III who granted them freedom from the powers of bishop. After that the citizens formed a constitution that allotted all the power to the guild which resulted in the restriction of all government positions to the guild members. The league of the house of God allied with two more leagues, Grey League and League of the Ten jurisdictions to create a bigger league which was called as “Three Leagues”. Three leagues allied with swiss confederation and participated in the Swabian war with Austria in 1499. The soldiers from Chur also participate in the Invasion of Valtellina in 1512 and also in the Second Musso War of 1530.
The city has a long history of being attacked and burnt by fire. The city was again burnt by fire in the 15th century when almost 300 houses and shops turned to ashes. Interestingly, fire again destroyed the city in 16th century and around 300 houses and shops were destroyed again. After Two years of this fire, in 1576, the fire again destroyed more than 50 houses in the city.
Three leagues became canton of Graubünden after the Napoleonic wars in 1803 and Chur became the Capital of Graubünden.
12 Magnificent Attractions of Chur Switzerland
Chur Old Town
The old town of Chur is one of the best-preserved towns of Switzerland. The old town is completely free of the traffic making it a pedestrian hot spot. The old town is a wonderful place to walk and admire the historic structures of Chur. There are many boutiques, restaurants, bars, and cafes in the Chur Old Town. There are some nice museums and galleries as well. There are around 20 Interesting fountains that are scattered around the town, each of them is unique in their designs and history.
St.Martin's Church (Martinskirche)
St. Martin’s Church located in the Old Town Chur is a famous church of the city that dominates the Chur’s Landscape. The church was built in 1492 when the fire destroyed the Carolingian church. The church went through many construction phases since then. The bell tower was constructed in 1509 and was modified again in 1917. There are three beautiful stained-glass windows which were created by Augusto Giacometti in 1919. There is a fountain in front of the church that was made in 1716. The church went through a complete restoration work in 1990.
Churer Fest of Chur Switzerland
Churer Fest is the famous annual summer event of Chur. This is one of the largest festivals of the southeastern park of Switzerland and is usually held in August. This festival is held in the Old Town of Chur which is the most beautiful part of Chur. You can enjoy many musical concerts, food stalls and delicacies from different part of Switzerland.
Chur Rathaus is the town hall located in the Old Town and attracts many visitors because of its strange design. The structure has a crooked design and has colorful striped shutters.
HALDENHÜTTLI of Chur Switzerland
This is a tip for photographers who want to take panoramic pictures of Chur. HALDENHÜTTLI offers the best views of the Chur skyline. To reach here you will walk up from Old Town to Arosastrasse. This place is worth the visit and you will love the beautiful views of the city with lovely green vineyards in the front.
Rätisches Museum of Chur Switzerland
Rätisches is a remarkably interesting museum in Chur that depicts the history of Chur. The museum is in a beautifully decorated patrician residence. The museum has many Roman Statues, weapons and agricultural tools. Museum also displays some objects and history about the politics and religion of the region. There is also some jewelry from the Bronze age.
Bündner Kunstmuseum (Grisons Museum of Fine Arts)
Bündner Kunstmuseum holds five to six arts exhibitions every year. The museum is located in the center of Chur and is an excellent place to visit for Art lovers. The museum hosts the art collection of Alberto Giacometti who was born in Graubünden and was a very famous artist. The museum has art collection that dates back to more than 100 years old. The museum also has artwork collections of Angelika Kauffmann, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner and Rot- Blau.
Bernina Express is one of the world’s most spectacular train routes which connects Chur to Tirano (Italy) on one side and Poschiavo (Switzerland) on the other side. The total route of 130 kilometers offers mesmerizing views of the Graubünden canton. The amazing route between Chur to Poschiavo covers 20 towns, 55 tunnels and 196 bridges. The route between Chur and St. Moritz is considered as the best part of the whole journey. One of the highlights of the journey is the steep climb to the 2253-meter high Alpine pass “Bernina”, and then the slope towards Poschiavo running through daring loops.
Quaderwiese of Chur Switzerland
Quaderwiese serves for the dual pleasure of the visitors. The visitors who come in the winters can enjoy skating in the Ice Rink that is formed here. The tourists who visit in the summers will see a beautiful green park where they can relax in a calm and peaceful environment.
Animal and Amusement Park Chur
The is a beautiful park with a big water pond in the middle. A great place to relax and meet the native animals of the town. There are around 60 species of animals in the park. The pond in the middle is very eye-catching especially when you will see beautiful ducks and geese swimming calmly. The park has a playground for kids, so it is a great place for families. The playground has swings, slides and go-karts and there is a restaurant near the playground. Many families come here and spend their complete day at the park. The park is only open for a couple of months from January to March when the weather is good.
WÜRTH SCULPTURE PARK
Chur has one of the most famous and extensive private art collections that belongs to a German billionaire, Reinhold Wurth. The art collection consists of many paintings, sculptures and objects. Some of the sculptures are on a permanent free display for public in the Wurth Sculpture Park.
Brambrüesch in Chur Switzerland
Brambruesch offers beautiful and amazing views of the city from the top. This is great place for adventure seekers who love to hike. The hiking takes more than 2 hours to reach the top boundary stone at the Dreibundenstein which is a hot spot for the skiers in winters. The mountain has many activities for the adventure sports lovers such as bike boarding, dirt surfing, ice skating and mountain biking.