The city of Bath is named after its baths which were built by Romans for pleasure and relaxation. Bath in England has been famous as a wellbeing destination since the Roman times. Bath city is located 97 miles west from the city of London and hosts more than 3.8 million day-visitors every year. Around 1 million visitors come to stay in this city every year. The city which is around 2000 years old was declared as a World Heritage site in 1987.
The city of Bath is compact and tourist friendly and most of the famous attractions are near to each other that is why tourists love it as a one-day trip spot. Most tourism companies in London provide the tour of Bath with combination of Stonehenge or with Windsor Castle or with both. I think, one day is not enough if you want to enjoy the thermal spa and also want to soak-in the beauty of the city.
Bath has the only natural thermal hot springs in the United Kingdom called Thermal Bath Spa. Besides spa, the city also has splendid architectural attractions, museums, galleries and parks. The city landscape is very attractive and has a rich honey gold tone. The city has a lot of restaurants, cafes, bars, pubs and shops to sooth all your needs.
History of Bath England
The city became famous as a spa and was called as “Aquae Sulis” in Latin which means “the waters of Sul”. The Romans built baths and a temple in the valley adjacent with River Avon in around 60 AD. They used the natural hot springs as a thermal spa. The Bath Abbey was built in 7th century which was rebuilt in the 12th and 16th centuries. John Wood, the Elder, built most of the streets and squares of the city. The city grew and became fashionable in the 18th century under the reign of George I, II and III when the city also got famous for its literature, art and its wool industry.
16 Wonderful Things to do In Bath England
The city of Bath is compact and is full of attractions and things to do, that is the reason many tourists even enjoy a lot even in a one-day trip. Famous writer Jane Austen also loved the city and lived here. Bath is an ideal place to walk in the culture and attractions of different centuries.
The most famous tourist destination in Bath is the Roman Baths whose name also reflects in the city name. This bathing complex was built by the Romans in the 1st century. The complex has been renovated many times over many centuries. The top structure has a beautiful architecture with statues of Emperors and Governors of Roman Britain.
Below the street level, you will find the amazing museum that displays antique from the Roman era. There are bones, coins, artifacts and the bronze head of the Goddess Minerva. Below you will find a beautiful pond of green water and another small pond that is full of coins. I think people throw coins in it and make wishes. There are some beautiful small thermal running water springs and the minerals from the water has colored the paths in the sulfuric texture.
Thermal Spa Bath
Today, the original Roman Baths are no longer available for spa activities. Hence a new project of Thermal Bath Spa has been introduced in 2006 where you can enjoy the excellent thermal spa relaxation facilities. The geothermal waters of the area are channeled into this wonderful spa which allows the visitors to enjoy the only original and one of the warmest thermal springs in UK. The spa has many beauty and health treatment plans and the staff is highly professional.
This spa is a combination of modern and Georgian architecture to make you feel more authenticity during your spa sessions. There is a wonderful pool on the rooftop from where you can enjoy the beautiful views of the city.
Bath Abbey in England
Bath Abbey is a wonderful perpendicular Gothic structure just next to the Roman Baths. The structure was built in the 7th century by King Osric and was rebuilt again in 12th and 16th centuries. The Abbey’s fan vaulting is the most eye catching in the architecture. The huge stained-glass windows and the stone sculptures are also a treat to many tourists. You will see a lot of tourists taking pictures of the Abbey.
The Bath Abbey is an active place of worship an also museum of regional heritage. The abbey hosts many religious services, lectures and secular civic ceremonies. The walls of the church commemorate the heroes of wars from the local population. There are two ladders climbed by angels in the west side which were carved in 1520.
Royal Crescent in Bath England
Royal Crescent is a curved row of 30 beautiful Georgian townhouses in the form of a half circle facing towards a large lawn. This is considered as the most prestigious address in the city of Bath. The uniformed townhouses of the Royal Crescent are an excellent example of the Georgian architecture in UK. Royal Crescent was built between 1767 to 1774 and is a Grade I listed building. The building is still wonderfully intact for 250 years and is the most favorite spot for the photographers and tourists who visit Bath.
Most of the town houses are private homes and offices and the owners have renovated the interiors of their premises over the years. However, the exterior has been maintained to its original condition beautifully. The central part of the Royal Crescent belongs to the Royal Crescent Hotel which is a five-star hotel in Bath.
This prestigious address had William Wilberforce as its resident in the No.2 townhouse of Royal Crescent. He was a leading English abolitionist. A famous writer Christopher Anstey also lived at this address at No. 4. The no. 1 of Royal Crescent has been turned into a museum and its interior has been restored to what the building originally looked like 250 years ago. The staff of the museum also dress up in the costumes from the 18th century.
Circus of Bath England
Located a few steps to the East of the marvelous Royal Crescent, Circus of Bath is another masterpiece of the 18th century architecture in England. The design of the Circus was drawn up by John Wood, the Elder. He passed away during the first phase of the construction and the project was then carried on by his son John Wood, the Younger.
The structure is in a circular shape and some residents say that the shape represents the sun while Royal Crescent represent the moon. Another interesting fact is that the diameter of the Circus is almost the same as of Stonehenge. The reason might be that John Wood believed that the city of Bath had been the center of druid activities in the Bronze and Neolithic ages. There are also some mysterious but interesting symbols of acorns and serpents imprinted in the stonework.
Pulteney Bridge in Bath England
One of the most photographed monuments of Bath is the Pulteney Bridge. The bridge was constructed in around 1774 by a Scottish architect Robert Adam. The bridge was funded by William Pulteney and was named after his wife Frances Pulteney. The south front of the bridge is eye-catching because of the limestone work. The bridge has gone through many renovations over the time until it was restored to its original shape in the 20th century. The bridge has been designated as being an ancient monument. Tourists like to visit and take pictures around it and buy things from the rows of shops around the bridge.
Great Pulteney Street
Great Pulteney street is a beautiful street that leads straight to the Holburne Museum and the Sydney Gardens after crossing the Pulteney Bridge. The Street is named after William Pulteney who funded the street same as the Pulteney Bridge. The street was designed by Thomas Baldwin who is famous for designing many other architects in Bath. He has also designed the Grand Pump Room and the Guildhall as well as many other streets in Bath, England.
There are uniform rows of the town houses across the street. They look similar from the front, but the interiors have been designed differently by the owners. Another interesting fact about the street is that the width is 30 meters wide and the length of the street is exactly 300 meters.
Similarly, famous architecture Thomas Baldwin designed the Bath street that leads to the Roman Baths complex. Bath street is the most used street in the city and was constructed in 1791. The street is lined with double-storey houses that have beautiful architecture with lonic colonnades at ground level and the mansard roofs. The bath street has been in use for historic dramas and films because the street has retained its historic richness of 230 years till today.
Bath Skyline walk
Bath is surrounded by high limestone slopes that form this six-mile looped trail that runs along the ridge above the compact city. This is a wonderful place for hikers and tourists who want to take a calm walk and see the city of Bath from a different perspective. The track takes you on a trip of discarded quarries and the remains of Roman History. Many people take the route to find a perfect picnic spot overlooking the city. Another great way of enjoying the top view of the city is through a hot air balloon which gives you breathtaking and calm views of the city and the surroundings. There are many companies that provide the hot air balloon ride services.
Visit England’s Best Christmas market in Bath
You can experience one of the best Christmas markets of England in Bath. During the Christmas, the streets and square around the Bath Abbey and Roman Baths turn into a festival market. With more than 150 Chalets, the whole compact city develops into a Christmas market. The displayed products and food are unique. Most of them come from Bath or the surrounding areas of the city. Musical concerts are played around numerous spots in the city. There are also many musical concerts in theater and Bath Abbey during the festival. People love to go for ice skating in the famous Royal Victoria Park.
Royal Victoria Park in Bath England
The Royal Victoria Park was inaugurated by Queen Victoria when she was an 11 years old princess. It is said that she never returned to Bath after she heard that someone in Bath had made disrespectful comments about the thickness of her ankles.
The park is situated on 57 acres of an area with many old and tall trees. There is botanical garden inside the park that covers 9 acres of land. One of the park’s highlights is the cherry tree avenue which is a beautiful site to walk and relax. Inside the park, site of a former limestone quarry has been transformed into a bowl of beautiful exotic trees which looks beautiful.
Prior Park Landscape Garden
The park is located around a nice mansion with Palladian architecture. This mansion has been a site of a school since 1830. The Prior Park Landscape Garden was styled by the poet Alexabder Pope. Additions were made in 1759 and 1760. The park has many exotic trees and a beautiful Palladian bridge. Interestingly, this bridge is one of the only four of its kind in the world.
Fashion Museum of Bath
Fashion Museum in Bath represents and displays the history of fashion in clothing since the 16th century. Famous fashion historian Doris Langley started the collection in 20th century. The collection consists of more than 100,000 fashion pieces which date from the 16th century to the modern date. The huge collection has been displayed on the huge quantity of mannequins in the museum. You can find works of the world’s famous fashion designer. The museum lets you take pictures wearing the Georgian attires.
Holburne Museum of Bath
Hollburne Museum was constructed in 1799 but started as a museum in 1882. This was the first public museum in the city of Bath, England. The museum displays a variety of objects depicting the Georgian culture of Bath. The museum hosts the works by Thomas Gainsborough, John Zoffany and Francesco Guardi showcasing golden era of British painting. There are several decorative objects, frescos and sculptures.
The museum was renovated and extended in 2011 with a huge budget and many additional galleries were added. The former ballroom has become the center of attraction with is magnificent chandelier, portraits and decoration. The museum also has a nice café with the view of Sydney Gardens. The museum is very near to the famous Pulteney Street.
American Museum in Britain
The American Museum in Britain as suggested by the name displays the collection that shows the history, culture, fashion, textile, military objects and decorative objects of America. The museum was founded by two antique collectors in 1961 and is open to public from March to October every year. The museum is a Grade 1 listed building of England.
William Herschel Museum of Astronomy
Herschel Museum of Astronomy is located inside a townhouse, which belonged to German-born brother and sister, William and Caroline Herschel. Both brother and sister were leading British astronomers. They lived in this townhouse from 1777 to 1784 and now the townhouse is dedicated to them and their collection of household and astronomical objects since 1981. The audio guide is available, and you can learn about some of the astronomical objects using interactive touch screen display.